What is CBD?
CBD (cannabidiol) is one of over 100 cannabinoids found in hemp plants. Unlike THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) which is a cannabinoid found primarily in marijuana plants, CBD does not produce psychoactive effects or does not make you “high”. FDA states hemp derived CBD is different from marijuana. Though FDA has not approved medical claims, CBD has been touted for a wide variety of health issues. CBD is not certainly a miracle herb and we need more research, but CBD may be an option for managing different medical conditions, like anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain.
What is HEMP?
The 2018 Farm Bill officially removed hemp from the definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act. Hemp, or industrial hemp, is a strain of cannabis plant species. For more than 10,000 years, hemp has been used for paper, clothing, furnishing fabric, rope, and building materials. Also, hemp seeds are good source of protein. Hemp and marijuana are both cannabis plants, but chemical makeup is very different. Hemp contains over 100 kinds of cannabinoids, of which CBD and THC are the two most well-known. CBD, Cannabidiol, is found in the highest concentration of all cannabinoids in industrial hemp plants. Industrial hemp only contains no more than 0.3 % THC, which makes hemp legal in the USA. Marijuana plants are very similar to hemp plants; however, marijuana plants contain 15-20 % THC.
What is the Endocannabinoid System?
Your body possesses what is called the endocannabinoid system. It plays a vital role in optimal human performance. Your body makes internal cannabinoids (endocannabinoids), anandamide and 2-AG (arachidonoylglycerol). These are chemical messengers that bind to cannabinoid receptors located throughout the body. CBD and the other cannabinoids found in the plant function very similar to these endocannabinoids. The endocannabinoid system is responsible for maintaining homeostasis within the body. Ideally, your endocannabinoid system remains in balance, however, under the assault of stress, illness or injury, your body may not produce enough endocannabinoids for the endocannabinoid system to function. Many medical conditions are potentially caused by endocannabinoid deficiencies. If your endocannabinoid system is not functioning optimally, this can be addressed by adding the correct dose of supplemental CBD from hemp plants.
Are there any side effects or drug interactions?
Although CBD is generally considered safe, it might cause stomach upset and fatigue. CBD is known to interact with coumadin also raise levels of some medications in your blood by the exact same mechanism that grapefruit juice does. It could be dose dependent, but if you are taking any medications with a “grapefruit warning”, talk to your primary doctor.
Is CBD Safe?
Currently, the FDA does not regulate the safety and purity of CBD products. Therefore, you cannot tell for sure that the product you buy has active ingredients at the dose listed on the label or contain other ingredients not listed on the label. If you are unsure about the quality of your CBD products, ask if your CBD is third party tested. Trusted companies send out a CBD sample to a third party for a quality testing and provide a report to consumers.